Everyone is likely to experience feelings of loneliness at some point in their lifetime and the effects of feeling lonely will differ from person to person. However, feelings of loneliness can negatively impact a person’s health, wellbeing and overall quality of life and so it is important to understand what factors are associated with feeling lonely. In 2017, the Jo Cox Commission for Loneliness highlighted the need to measure loneliness on a national scale to better understand the personal characteristics and circumstances associated with loneliness. Following suggestions made by the Jo Cox Commission, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) developed national measures of loneliness.
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) Guidance for Measuring Loneliness recommends loneliness questions for adults and children and how to interpret and report findings.
The Continuous Household Survey (CHS) and The Annual Health Survey (from 2019/20 onwards) incorporate the recommended direct Measure of Loneliness:
- How often do you feel lonely?
With responses Often/always, Some of the time, Occasionally, Hardly ever, Never.
In addition to this, the Annual Health Survey also incorporates the three item UCLA Loneliness Scale:
- How often do you feel that you lack companionship?
- How often do you feel left out?
- How often do you feel isolated from others?
With responses Hardly ever or never, Some of the time, Often.